Shock and eulogies trail the news of the death of Nigeria’s leading art historian Professor Ola Oloidi in the late hours of Monday, November 2. Okechukwu Uwaezuoke reports


Not even the fact that shockwaves seem to have been specially sequenced for these times makes a difference. Nor does it matter that the art scene – like the rest of the society – already labours under a siege mentality. This is expected since the not-so-well-funded sub-sector traipsed from a lockdown caused by the coronavirus pandemic to the debilitating effects of nationwide protests against police brutality. Besides, hardly had aficionados come to terms with the tragic demise of Sindika Dokolo – the Congolese art-collector husband of Africa’s richest woman, Isabel dos Santos – than they were hit by the devastating news of another death: that of the art historian Ola Oloidi.

Oloidi, a professor emeritus of art history who recently retired from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, was reported to have suddenly departed this earth-life in Nsukka on Monday, November 2 after a brief illness at 76 years. A brief statement, signed by the head of the university’s Fine and Applied Arts Department, Professor Ozioma Onuzulike, described the late Oloidi as an “authoritative voice in the history and criticism of modern Nigerian art”.

Professor Oloidi at the 13th edition of LIMCAF

Indeed, the man who was described as “an encyclopedia of Nigerian art history” in a Facebook post the Araism Art Movement’s founder Mufu Onifade was until his demise one of the easily most recognisable art personalities in the country. Not even his retirement as a professor in 2012 made him less visible in the art scene. Four months before the COVID-19 lockdown, he had delivered the keynote address, titled “Phases and Faces of Aina Onabolu”, at an art conference organised by the Ogun State Chapter of the Society of Nigerian Artists (SNA) and held in Abeokuta in honour of the father of the modern Nigerian art, Chief Aina Onabolu. The well-attended event, which was sponsored by its patron Omooba Yemisi Shyllon, was held from December 2 to 5 at the Abeokuta Cultural Centre and was graced by some members of Onabolu’s family, including his son and grand-daughter.

It was through his well-researched paper that even the well-informed Omooba Yemisi Shyllon heard for the first time that Onabolu was awarded an MBE (Member British Empire) “for his contribution to the development of African art education” and “that Ben Enwonwu benefitted from Onabolu’s contribution in getting Kenneth Murray to work in Nigeria”. A report on the event further disclosed that both Oloidi and Shyllon agreed that Onabolu had not been accorded his due recognition and honour, with the latter advising that “ all the conference articles should be reviewed and turned to book publication.”

Professor Oloidi had typically volunteered his services for the book’s publication process, offering his keynote address to the conference as one of the contributions. Apparently, he had continued to monitor the progress of this book project until his death, despite disclosing that he had been ill since June. Understandably, the news of his death came as a rude shock to the cavalcade of art luminaries, who attended the conference.

About a month before the Abeokuta conference, Oloidi was also the guest speaker at the 13th edition of the annual Life in My City Art Festival (known as LIMCAF) grand finale and awards night held in November 2019 at the Institute of Management and Technology, Enugu’s International Conference Centre. He had played the same role in a previous edition of the event held in 2013. A statement from the event’s organisers had since expressed “shock” at the news of his death, eulogising him for throwing “his weight behind every worthy art initiative in Nigeria”.

At the National Gallery of Art, where he was revered as “a mentor, friend and confidant”, he chaired its 12th Annual Distinguished Lecture Series held early this year in Abuja. A statement, signed by the gallery’s director-general Ebeten Ivara, said it received the news of his death “with overarching sadness”.

Professor Oloidi delivering an address during the last edition of LIMCAF

Said Ivara: “For 44 years at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, this erudite scholar, extraordinary researcher and prodigious writer with over 100 publications to his credit, contributed glowingly to the advancement of scholarship and administration in the Department of Fine and Applied Arts, the Faculty of Arts and the university in general. Still, he did not confine himself to the serene university environment but chose to be part and parcel of those dispersing the knowledge of visual art at different levels through lectures, seminars, workshops, masterclasses among others.”

To Omooba Shyllon, he was an icon and a “detribalised Nigerian”, whose legacy in the local art scene remains indelible.

Meanwhile, several art associations – including the SNA and the Art Historical Association of Nigeria (AHAN), which he founded – have reacted to his passage, which they consider as a big loss to the visual arts sub-sector. “By virtue of his rich archives of research materials, Emeritus Professor Oloidi was a ‘go-to’ in the history of early Nigerian modern artists, especially Aina Onabolu,” Professor Onuzulike corroborates. “Scholars travelled from far and wide to consult him. His spoken and written language was unmistakably ‘Oloidi-esque’ as they did flow long but musical and entertaining. His boisterous life showed through in both his scholarly work and his daily interactions with everyone that came in contact with him.”

A 1969 graduate of the Yaba College of Technology, Lagos, Oloidi would later obtain his Bachelor of Fine Arts and Master of Arts degrees at Howard University, Washington, DC, the USA in 1973 and 1974, respectively. According to Onuzulike, it was under “the influence and leadership of Professor Uche Okeke, [that]Oloidi joined the Nsukka art department in 1976 as Lecturer II. He also enrolled for a PhD in modern Nigerian art history and turned in a distinguished thesis in 1984 as the first to undertake doctoral work in the field in any Nigerian university.”

Oloidi, who became a professor in 1996, represented a father-figure, mentor, teacher, friend and colleague to all who crossed his path, not only in the University of Nigeria, Nsukka campus but also virtually everywhere else he had been to. “The visual arts community will surely miss him, for he had a name for everyone and enlivened everywhere he went,” Professor Onuzulike adds about the man, who was said to have supervised and produced 30 PhD and 32 MA students in art history.


  1. Prof. Emeritus Ola Oloidi was my PhD Supervisor. He was kindhearted, humorous and highly productive in his calling.

  2. Your article is part of the vibrations of the fallen Iroko. The birds that were perched on it are still scattered in confusion.

  3. Prof was a great man, teacher, thesis supervisor, and family friend. Extremely funny and jovial

    Well written tribute. Thank you

  4. An astute art scholar, Prof. Ola Oloidi embodied professionalism and humanness.
    A jovial soul, yes, he had a name for everyone. He gave me one in 1988…“Fulani” which has stuck till date.
    Art just lost a colossus.
    His massive footprint remains a guide beacon in the realms of Africa’s creative space.

  5. Though he may seem to have gone, it’s clear that he is very much alive as his creative works are testimonies of his ever presence. May his creative soul rest in peace.

  6. I am short of words. Prof. Was a very happy and jovial person. He played with everyone anywhere anytime. I personally will miss you. Rest in peace Sir. Sunre ooo pa Oloidi

  7. I was blessed to be part of those that fed from the great art historian, a teacher with great passion. You paved the way for me which established the drive for more knowledge in the field of Art History i will remain grateful. Rest in peace…..My prof… My teacher and my supervisor

  8. Very thoughtful and informative tribute to a scholar and a man of profound repute. Prof. Oloidi is a very unassuming personality and he will surely be missed.

  9. My family has lost another icon again,daddy rest in peace, we shall surely make you proud,we love you.Good night Prof.

  10. Thank you Okey for this tribute. Emeritus Professor Ola Olidi was the very first person to introduce me to the history of art. It came with joviality and an ease of delivery that often made you remember what he taught you. Several years on and I still cherish that peculiar Nsukka scholarship. He and the other enigmas in Nsukka did us well.

  11. Beautifully written. You did capture his essence. His demise would definitely create a huge vacuum that would be a challenge to fill.

  12. Prof Oioidi was indeed a genius in the field of Art. He was very accommodating and always ready to assist at anytime. He was my second Supervisor during the period of my PhD programme. May his soul rest in peace.

  13. excellent post, very informative. I wonder why the other specialists of this sector don’t notice this. You should continue your writing. I am sure, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  14. Hey there! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new apple iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts! Keep up the outstanding work!


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